Delhi Housing Prototype

2015

Social Housing / New Delhi, India New Delhi’s housing deficit parallels its incredible population growth. With a large percentage of migrants relocating from impoverished rural villages, most are unable to afford planned housing and must resort to informal settlements. These slums lack even basic amenities and foster unsanitary living conditions that fall well short of humane. Only 24 percent of the urban population lives in planned colonies; 76 percent live in these substandard housing areas. Many are homeless. In a mega-city of 18 million people, this is a social crisis on an unprecedented scale. TRANS-YAMUNA situates an elevated superblock of 600 affordable housing units that stretches above the Yamuna River. Offering ten unit configurations, the superblock accommodates a range of tenants, from individuals to multi-generational families, across all social classes. The entire housing block is elevated six meters off of the floodplain. Built above local obstructions, each unit receives more consistent airflow for cross ventilation. The superblock is comprised of 30-50m2 linear apartment units that span the entire width of the building; each unit has large apertures on the north and south facades that simultaneously vent the interiors and provide uninhibited views to the city’s riparian ecotone. This strategy works well for the hot and dry climate that persists for eight months of the year. Outdoor courtyard commons also puncture through the structure between each cluster of four units. This creates a porous field condition that further accelerates airflow through the structure, operating similarly to the American vernacular dogtrot configuration. These framed courtyards in the sky support vegetation and become hackable oases for user customization.

Housing research and graphics by UVa graduate Michelle Stein
Economic research and graphics by UVa graduate Seth Salcedo
Economic research and graphics by UVa graduate Seth Salcedo
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